If you have been watching the news recently, you would have heard of the Syrian refugee crisis. Within this article we will explain why the refugees fled Syria, events that have occurred because of the refugees and effects and future predictions.
You may be asking yourself the question, “Why are Syrians fleeing home?” There are three main answers to this question: violence, collapsed infrastructure and children’s safety. Since the Syrian Civil War began, 32,000 people have been killed (including nearly 12,000 children), around 1.5 million people have been wounded or permanently disabled and war has become more deadly as foreign powers joined the conflict. Also, health care, education and other infrastructures have been destroyed. In addition, many children have suffered injuries, missed years of schooling and witnessed violence and brutality. Warring parties have also forcibly recruited children to serve as fighters, human shields and in support roles.
To understand what’s going on, we need to appreciate the history and how the past events in Syria led up to this Civil War that has been going on for five years. It started in Tunisia and later progressed into Egypt. This was a part of the Arab Spring Rising which was a peaceful and gentle protest. The Arab Spring went from Egypt to Syria and when it arrived in Syria, the tyrannical government did not take kindly to it. This meant that the peaceful protests were forced to become rebellions due to the government's and military's forceful reaction.
Some people are scared of the refugees and the future if host countries continue to host them. There have been a few predictions from an economic perspective. The host countries are receiving aid from international organizations; however, some of the international organizations, such as the UN, realise now that their financial pledge may have been overly optimistic. In other words, they will not be able to give as much money as they anticipated. Therefore, host countries will begin to feel the financial strain, especially in terms of healthcare, housing and education. So the big question is, 'Can the refugees existence become sustainable?' because many of the refugees are merely surviving, but to become sustainable, they need to thrive. This would come at an additional cost to the host country. If funds run out, the refugees may have to return home. Hopefully, peace will be achieved for them to return home and rebuild.
In our opinion, this crisis has been going on for years; however, the situation has never been so extreme, both for the refugees or the host countries.
Below is a clip that highlights the opinions of several teachers from our school.